Download the full Giving USA 2020 Infographic
“BDO’s 2019 Nonprofit Benchmarking Survey.” BDO, 2019. https://www.bdo.com/insights/industries/nonprofit/nonprofitstandards.
“Fundraising Effectiveness Project, Q4 2019.” Association of Fundraising Professionals, 2019. http://afpfep.org/reports/.
Giving USA 2020: The Annual Report on Philanthropy for the Year 2019. Chicago, IL: Giving USA Foundation, 2020.
Giving USA Special Report: Leaving a Legacy: A New Look at Planned Giving Donors. Chicago, IL: Giving USA Foundation, 2019.
Karlan, Dean, Piyush Tantia, and Sarah Welch. “Behavioral Economics: A Power That Goes Beyond Nudges.” Stanford Social Innovation Review, January 15, 2019. https://ssir.org/articles/entry/behavioral_economics_and_donor_nudges_impulse_or_deliberation.
Moody, Michael, and Michael Pratt. “Tainted Money and Tainted Donors: A Growing Crisis?” Dorothy A. Johnson Center for Philanthropy, January 15, 2020. https://johnsoncenter.org/trend-tainted-money-tainted-donors/.
Rooney, Patrick, and Mark Ottoni-Wilhelm. “Calculations based on Giving USA and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis.” Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis.
Rooney, Patrick, Mark Ottoni-Wilhelm, Xiaoyun Wang, and Xiao Han. “Dynamics of American Giving: Descriptive Evidence,” working paper, Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy, 2019. https://cppp.usc.edu/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/Rooney-Patrick-dag-01-DynamicsAmericanGiving-v03g.pdf.
Stiffman, Eden. “What We Have Learned From Crises and Can Use in Coronavirus Age.” Chronicle of Philanthropy, March 17, 2020. https://www.philanthropy.com/article/What-We-Have-Learned-From/248260.
“Women Give 2019.” IUPUI Women’s Philanthropy Institute, 2019. https://philanthropy.iupui.edu/institutes/womens-philanthropy-institute/research/women-give19.html.
“Women Give 2020.” IUPUI Women’s Philanthropy Institute, 2020. https://philanthropy.iupui.edu/institutes/womens-philanthropy-institute/research/women-give20.html.
Yandow, Heather. “2016 Individual Donor Benchmark Data Brief.” Third Space Studio, 2017. https://www.thirdspacestudio.com/viewidb2016.